How to Use Life Story Work to Connect with Dementia Patients at Home?

Doing life story work is a meaningful activity that helps families better connect with their loved one who has dementia. Creating a comprehensive life story chronicle provides a way to celebrate the patient’s unique history, personality, and identity.  

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Gather a Wealth of Information

Start by collecting extensive details about your loved one’s entire life story. Have many in-depth conversations where they can share cherished memories and meaningful events. Spend time looking through old photos together as they explain who is in the picture and what is happening. 

Sources to draw from for the life story work:

  • Stories from childhood, marriage, parenthood, career
  • Photos of family, friends, special places, pets
  • Certificates, awards, report cards 
  • Journals, letters, and postcards written over the years
  • Home movies and videos from vacations, weddings, graduations

Involve siblings, children, and close friends too. Gather their vivid stories and fond remembrances to incorporate.

Create Meaningful Content 

Organize the wealth of information from the life story work into sections. For example:

  • Personal details: name, birthdate, family history 
  • Childhood: where grew up, siblings, school memories
  • Adulthood: career, marriage, children, milestones
  • Retirement: hobbies, travel adventures, grandkids
  • Current likes: favourite foods, music, activities
  • Traditions and values: religious beliefs, cultural rituals

Use a large font and lots of captioned photos. Share stories and memories in clear, simple language that captures the essence.  

Choose the Best Format

  • Book: portable, easy to follow along
  • Collage: visual, encourages reminiscence 
  • Digital: can incorporate audio, video clips
  • Memory box: tangible objects tied to memories
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Match the format for the life story work to your loved one’s abilities and preferences. Update content as needed.

Make the Life Story Meaningful

  • Note favourite places, foods, sports teams, music  
  • Share proudly what they have accomplished in life
  • Highlight strengths, talents, personality, quirks 
  • Include especially meaningful memories and moments 

Support Reminiscence with the Life Story 

Use the comprehensive life story work to spark positive memories and conversations. As you look through it together:

  • Ask open-ended questions about photos or mementoes
  • Allow plenty of time for reflection and storytelling  
  • Let them take the lead in sharing memories
  • Recognize emotions that arise during reminiscence  

Build Connections with the Life Story

Share the life story work with family, friends, and care providers. It offers valuable insight into who your loved one was and still is. Looking through it together can:

  • Strengthen relationships with loved ones
  • Find new things you have in common 
  • Support quality care based on patient preferences
  • Enrich visits with meaningful interactions  

Compiling a thorough life story chronicle for your loved one with dementia takes time and care. But it can help preserve their identity and cultivate meaningful connections during their remaining years.

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